Once upon a time, all of California’s beach communities were rustic bohemian enclaves. The Left Coast served as a natural collection point for drifters, hermits, and assorted characters (see Steinbeck’s “Cannery Row”) who fell through the cracks from all across the country.
“Beachcombers” was the catchall euphemism for these beatnik-Americans who migrated to the margins of the urban grid and found solace in the littoral zone that was just beyond the reach of permanent pavement. Surfers too were originally a form of beatnik, as the Gidget stories subtly indicate. In fact, the first “Gidget” novel and film is really the watershed event where L.A.’s beach culture is concerned (see Kevin Starr). Before Gidget, surfers were considered social dropouts. After Gidget came the Beachboys, Jan & Dean, Frankie & Annette, and a championing of the beach lifestyle that captured popular imagination, begat skateboarding, and made Southern California the envy of the world.
At the dawn of the Seventies, beach bohemia still had a place in SoCal culture. Consider the Rockford Files. Jim Rockford was a form of beach gypsy, a guy who lived in a simple trailer in a beach parking lot, liked to catch his dinner off the pier, and loathed the idea of dressing up or punching a clock, but nonetheless had a solid character and a heart of gold, along with a few undisclosed demons in his past.
Recall the casualness of the cafes and the clientele in the vicinity of Rockford’s trailer, and keep in mind this is Malibu in the mid-70s, when it’s already synonymous with Hollywood glamour. Were the Rockford Files’ producers making a conscious effort to contrast the disappearing beachcombing culture with the new coast-oriented Southern California money culture, or did they just like the gimmick of a P.I. living in a trailer on the beach?
“Fletch,” the novel upon which the Chevy Chase movie was based, was published in 1974, the same year that “The Rockford Files” debuted on network TV. “Fletch” portrays that same beach culture that existed on the margins of L.A., except instead of Malibu, it’s Santa Monica and Venice. Fletch is a more dubious character than Rockford, but he also turns out to be a likeable romantic who does the right thing when it counts. This is the essence of the Southern California beachcomber.
By the end of the Seventies, with the onset of Southern California’s coastal real estate craze, the changing dynamics were undeniable. The Santa Monica beach stayed bohemian for a long time. In fact, the patchwork of Santa Monica homes along the Pacific Coast Highway down below the bluffs retained an anarchy all its own well beyond the city’s gentrification craze, but that probably died with Troy Donahue and Margaux Hemingway.
Venice Beach, which had long housed L.A.’s bohemian counterculture, held out significantly longer than Santa Monica, but it too finally succumbed to gentrification. I date the beginning of the end of freak Venice to L.A.’s 1984 Olympics.
The sole remaining enclave of beach bum bohemia is Playa del Rey, but who knows for how much longer. The harbingers of irreversible change loom large everywhere. Well into the 1980s, the uncertain fate of Howard Hughes’ undeveloped land tracts, the moat-like Ballona Wetlands, and the presence of LA Intl. Airport all formed a cordon sanitaire that conspired to keep Playa Del Rey separate from LA’s late 20th Century coastal property boom.
But now the Hughes property has been developed, as have the Ballona wetlands, and the airport seems to be embraced as a form of urban industrial cachet.
I can look up from the Jungle and still see the same funky cliffside houses jutting out on stilts that I saw in 1979. It was a look common to 70s LA wherever there were dusty brown hills. These houses seemed to suggest a period of time when living in the hills was the answer to all of LA’s problems, and no one was worried about earthquakes yet. Thirty-odd years and several earthquakes later, the houses still stand on stilts, looking just as shabbily sturdy as ever.
But now the hills have been filled in with the more modern version of the lavish house, ones that follow the contours of the landscape rather than boxes jutting out on brown wooden stilts. New money is finally homesteading the PDR beach.
Perhaps the airport noise is what kept them away for so long. Indeed, whenever I revisit the area my attention is always shifted away by the passenger jets taking off every few minutes half a mile to the south. But you do quickly adapt. Soon, the roar of the jet engines is merely the unnoticed white noise of the Century of Progress. In an era when a refurbished downtown warehouse with exposed brick wall is the height of cosmopolitan esprit, airport noise is the Westside industrial ambience that gives your neighborhood street cred.
One day soon, some photographer will successfully capture two figures clad in black turtleneck clinking chardonnay glasses on a well-appointed cliff-side deck with a 737 soaring skyward in the background out over the Pacific, and some sharp-eyed editor will place this photo on the cover of the right magazine at the right time. Then, Playa del Rey will have arrived, and it will mark the beginning of the end of L.A’s last bohemian beach enclave.
March 08, 2013
As of now, Playa Del Rey is still a place with rustic cafes, where six bucks and change gets you a plateful of eggs, potatoes, breakfast meat and toast at a joint where early-morning locals congregate and the big talk is of a 5-gallon bucket of white paint that just spilled in the intersection of Vista del Mar and Culver. The man telling the story knows by name the people whose truck tires have already rolled through the paint and tracked it across the intersection.
There is the rustle of newspapers in this café, a TV tuned to the sports station in the background, and nothing digital in sight. The locals talk about the Lakers, about the salvaging of a Civil War submarine off the Atlantic coast somewhere, as well as a few other items of conversation that seem like they carry over from morning to morning. No one’s in a big hurry here.
Across the street is another café, one that sells muffins and pastries instead of bacon and eggs. People are mostly getting their coffees to go, and if they’re in a hurry it’s not a stressed out hurry, it’s a glad to be alive and riding my bike or walking my dog along the beach hurry. There are usually two or three laptops open on the dozen or so tables, but even when the lines at the counter are long, nobody is rushing ahead to preemptively save a table by draping a jacket over a chair before standing in the coffee line, or any of those other aggressive big city moves. Civility still reigns in this narrow beach enclave. Enjoy it while it lasts.